How to Deal with Drainage Problems in the Garden
Identifying a Drainage Problem
Drainage problems can be caused by a range of issues and can make themselves known in the following ways:
• Pools of water where downspouts terminate at your home
• Standing water in the garden area that take longer than expected to drain
• Small streams of water flowing where you would not expect or want them to
• Fissures in soil areas as well as erosion, which could indicate water flow underground
• Wilting flowers starved of oxygen due to boggy conditions
Accommodating a Drainage Problem
For plants and trees that are not adapted to wet conditions, they can be starved of oxygen when water floods the soil surrounding their roots. A plant’s roots need oxygen to function, but water will prevent this life-giving element from entering the spaces surrounding the roots, causing the plant to wilt.
This problem can occur in areas of your garden that see persistent localised drainage problems. A solution to this is you could introduce water-loving plants, trees and shrubs to the area and turn the problem into a solution. Before doing this, though, consider how wet the area gets and for how long there is excess water.
If the problem is particularly troublesome, you could turn the problem-area into a bog garden or pond, while attracting a larger amount of wildlife.
Diverting the Water Away
• Creating Channels
You could also divert the water away to a more convenient place such as a drain. The simplest way to do this is by creating channels using a shovel, making sure to direct them away from a neighbour’s property. If channelling water to a drain is impractical, consider creating a gravel hole nearby.
• Installing Drainage Pipes
The next step up is to embed drainage piping under the soil surface and use that as a conduit. Many stores sell specially-made solutions for this in a range of sizes and materials.
• Installing Tiles
A more expensive and involved solution is to install drainage tiles under the subsurface. If you can’t seem to solve the problem with the other methods, then tiles may be the way to go. However, you may need to hire an expert for this job as it is more complicated than simply diverting water away.
Digging in Organic Matter
Improving the soil quality is another option for solving a drainage problem. Mixing organic matter with your soil will make it more permeable and absorbent to water. Absorbent in the sense that it will take in more water, while improving drainage when the soil can no longer take on any more water.
If you have the opposite problem of water draining too quickly, introducing organic matter will help also. As was just explained, organic matter will improve the absorbent properties of your soil, so aim to mix in lots of the stuff every year until your soil has a consistency comparable to loam.
Building a Raised Bed
Lastly, you can raise a particular part of your garden up and create a raised bed. With this solution, you can have greater control over the soil and the plants bedded within, while not having to worry about drainage issues.
At Jet Rod, we are experienced in providing the finest drainage solutions and services for our customers, whether you own a domestic or commercial property. For more information, get in touch with us today.